Turkey (in Turkish: Türkiye), with the Republic of Turkey’s official name (in Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a Eurasian country. The majority of the nation, Anatolia or Asia Minor, lies in South West Asia and the Middle East, but a minor part, Thrace, is in Europe. It is situated in the Balkans (an area in the southeast of Europe).
Turkey is in the east with the countries of Iran, the Republic of Azerbaijan (Nakhjuvan), Armenia, and Georgia; in the southeast with Iraq and Syria; And in the North West (European part), it is bordered by Bulgaria and Greece.
Turkey’s water borders with the Black Sea, the Marmara and Aegean Seas, and the Mediterranean are all to the north, west, and south, respectively. The Bosporus and Dardanelles are two more critical straits in Turkey.
Turkey has a land area of 783,562 square kilometers (37th). Turkey is a hilly nation with a wet climate. This country is shaped like a rectangle that extends from east to west. Turkey has a strategic and highly favorable geographical position in one of the most sensitive regions of the globe, and it is regarded as the gateway to Southwest Asia and Europe. Many nations, particularly Iran, use Turkish land for the transportation of products and energy.
Turkey’s Geographical location
In the Northern Hemisphere, Turkey is situated in Southwest Asia and Southeast Europe (where the two continents of Asia and Europe meet). Turkey’s latitude and longitude are 26 to 45 degrees east and 36.5 to 42 degrees north, respectively. This country is in the northern hemisphere, in southwest Asia and southeast Europe (where the two continents of Asia and Europe meet).
The land of Turkey is shaped like a rectangle; its length from east to west is 1660 km, and its width is 550 km on average. Turkey, with an area of 78 3562 square kilometers, less than half the area of Iran, is the 37th largest country in the world.
The area of Iran is 1648195 square kilometers, located in the 18th valley of the world. The land area of Turkey is 769,632 square kilometers, and the area of its waters is 1.393 square kilometers. Turkey’s unique geometric design has significantly impacted its economic progress. Most European authors who write about Turkey also refer to Asia Minor geographically.
Turkey’s geographical location has made it a bridge between the two continents of Asia and Europe. Turkey’s geographic location has contributed to the establishment of this region, which served as the guardian of the European area of the former Soviet Union. As a result, this country is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization member (NATO).
Turkey’s unique geographical location as a bridge between Asia and Europe during both world wars became increasingly important. During World War I, the alliance Ottoman Empire with Germany was considered a severe threat to the British Empire’s ability to reach India. In contrast, Turkey’s neutrality during World War II prevented the Axis powers from expanding extensively and reaching the Suez Canal.
Turkey continues to play a crucial and important role in the area today as a result of its advantageous geographic location.
Turkey has 81 provinces. Except for three, the centers of all provinces have the same name as the province itself. The three named provinces are Hatay (center: Antakya), Kocaeli (center: İzmit), and Sakarya (center: Adapazarı). Each province of Turkey is divided into several parts.
The weather in different parts of Turkey varies; for instance, the coastal areas’ climate differs significantly from the interior. Winters in the Aegean and Mediterranean shores are chilly and wet, whereas summers are warm and largely dry.
Depending on the location, some places receive 580 to 1300 mm of rainfall annually. As you move eastward throughout the nation, the number of raindrops. The shore of the Black Sea is the only part of Turkey to experience high levels of precipitation throughout the year consistently. The eastern portion of the coast of the Black Sea has the highest annual average rainfall in the nation, with 2,500 mm (98.4 inches).
Turkey has a continental climate with different seasons because the mountains along the shore barricade the Mediterranean Sea from accessing the country’s interior. The plateau of Anatolia is more vulnerable to extreme temperature variations than riparian locations. On this plateau, the winters are particularly hard. In the mountainous regions of the east, temperatures range from -30 to 40 degrees Celsius, and snowfall is possible 120 days out of the year.
The average winter temperature in the west is less than 1°C. Summer is hot and dry, with highs around 30 degrees Celsius. The average annual rainfall in the west is around 400 mm, with the exact quantity influenced by height. The driest regions are Konya and Malatya, which get less than 300 mm of rainfall annually. The rainiest month is often May as well as July and August are the driest.
The weather in Aladağlar Mountains in the east of Turkey is harsh and unpleasant. Summer in this region is warm and dry, and winters are frigid and snowy. Village roads in this area are closed due to the winter blizzard. Spring and autumn in this area are generally mild, but hot and cold surges occur in both seasons.