Spanish Dual Citizenship: Everything You Need to Know

What is Dual Citizenship in Spanish?

The ability of various nations to award their inhabitants citizenship in their own nation is one of the key concerns of citizenship in different nations and national laws. Certain nations have a relatively easy time granting citizenship to individuals from other countries. If you’re interested in learning more about Spain, there are helpful and entertaining resources available, or you may want to consider applying for Spanish citizenship. People from every corner of the world have been enthralled with Spain and have been tempted to make Spain their second nation by its captivating history, lively culture, and breathtaking landscape.

Does Spain permit two nationalities?

Dual citizenship is permitted by the Spanish Civil Code, but only in specific situations. Usually, you have to give up your previous citizenship if you apply to gain and are given Spanish nationality through residency.

In general, Spain only allows dual citizenship with other Iberian nations; if you are granted Spanish citizenship, you will have to give up your original nationality. However, there are some exceptions to this rule, such as Spanish-American nations, Andorra, the Philippines, Equatorial Guinea, or Portugal; Sephardic Jews and their offspring are also permitted to hold dual citizenship with their home nation.

Spanish Dual Citizenship: Everything You Need to Know
Spanish Dual Citizenship: Everything You Need to Know

Which nations are eligible to hold dual citizenship with Spain?

The entire list of nations that enjoy preferential treatment from Spain, allowing them to keep their current citizenship after gaining a Spanish one, may be seen here:

  • Argentina Andorra
  • Argentina
  • India
  • Chile
  • Ecuador
  • The Costa Rican
  • Cuban
  • DR Dominican Republic
  • Guinea Equatoriale
  • Venezuela
  • Philippine
  • Ecuador
  • Guatemala
  • Spain
  • Costa Rica
  • Colombia
  • Uruguay
  • Chile
  • Brazil
  • Island Provinces
  • Guatemala El
  • Argentina
  • Ecuador
  • French
Which nations are eligible to hold dual citizenship with Spain?
Which nations are eligible to hold dual citizenship with Spain?

How to renounce your previous nationality?

Though the specifics may differ depending on your background, there are some broad principles that might point you in the correct way.

Getting a residency permit and then relocating to Spain is the first stage.

After that, in order to be eligible for citizenship, you must reside here for the required amount of time. Just a quick note: there is a little range here; this time span can be anything from one to ten years.

After that window of time has passed, you are prepared to begin the application procedure.

Your application was accepted! Now, you have to say goodbye to your old passport before taking the oath of allegiance. How is it? Visit the consulate or embassy of your native nation, sign the documents, and formalize the situation.

It’s time to bid adieu after this passport parting. It won’t be available for usage anyplace anymore.

How to renounce your previous nationality?
How to renounce your previous nationality?

Getting Spanish citizenship by lineage

If you are able to provide proof of any of the following, you may petition acquire Spanish citizenship by descent:

At least one of your parents is a citizen of Spain.

Your mother and father were born in Spain.

You had been adopted by Spanish citizens before becoming eighteen.

Your grandparents are from Spain.

When applying through this method, you will need to be qualified to provide documentation of your Spanish ancestry, either from adoptive parents in Spain or from relatives living in Spain.

The next actions are necessary if your descent qualifies you for Spanish citizenship:

Assemble and finish all the paperwork required to demonstrate that you fulfill the requirements for Spanish citizenship by descent.

Pass the DELE A2 Spanish language exam and the CCSE citizenship exam, which tests understanding of Spanish social and cultural practices and the Spanish Constitution.

After paying the application cost, mail your paperwork.

Getting Spanish citizenship by lineage
Getting Spanish citizenship by lineage

principal benefits of dual citizenship

Speaking of benefits, being the owner of two passports is like being owner of multiple keys to multiple kingdoms! Having dual citizenship means having twice as many possibilities, contacts, and life experiences as having two passports! Here are a few advantages:

Now that you have your Spanish passport, you can travel anywhere in the European Union without restriction.

Bid adieu to concerns about a visa! Your Spanish passport can be your ticket to getting through airport security without having to fill out any paperwork, if the original passport you have makes you go through extra hoops to get a visa for some countries. That’s more than 150 nations where you can travel without any problems.

Your children and immediate family are eligible to inherit your citizenship benefits.

It’s not necessary to abandon your roots. Having dual citizenship allows you to embrace new experiences and maintain close ties to your original country.

Take advantage of social advantages, legal protection, and security measures in two countries. It is comparable to having two security blankets.

What does happen if you are of Spanish nationality? It is legal for you to run for elected positions in Spain in addition to casting a ballot.

principal benefits of dual citizenship
principal benefits of dual citizenship

How much time does it generally take to apply for dual citizenship?

The typical wait period is twelve months from the time you click the “submit” link on your application to apply for Spanish citizenship.

However, a few factors, including your individual circumstances and if you have all the necessary paperwork in order, will determine how quickly your application is approved.

Though, if that twelve-month limit passes and no action is taken by the authorities, it is referred to as “administrative inaction,” or “silencio administrativo” in Spanish. Your application for citizenship may be denied if such occurs.

But don’t worry if it does. You can resolve the issue by filing an appeal with the Spanish government. Hence, there is hope for the administrative process.

How much time does it generally take to apply for dual citizenship?
How much time does it generally take to apply for dual citizenship?


Starting your dual- nationality journey in Spain is similar to navigating a convoluted labyrinth of regulations and opportunities. You must first familiarize yourself with Spain’s unique requirements before learning about the possible advantages of advantageous agreements with other nations and tackling the intricacies of the application procedure.

This path calls for perseverance, investigation, and frequently the knowledge of specialists. Thus, keep in mind that the adventure lies not only in arriving at your destination but also in every single one that you take while traveling down this path.

Also, you can avoid wasting time or money by being informed about the procedure, the path, and the applicable laws and regulations.

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