From Blue Grotto to Villa Jovis: History of Capri Island

Capri Island: Where Sun, Sea & Sand Come Together for an Unforgettable Escape

Capri is an Italian reef in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the Sorrento Peninsula, on the cold side of the Gulf of Naples in Campania. The name is also shared by the island’s principal town of Capri. It has happened as a common sightseer goal because of the Roman Republic.

The Marina Piccola, the Belvedere of Tragara, the rock formed from sediment crags named ocean stacks that project above the lake, depression Grotto, the township of Anacapri, the debris of the Imperial Roman villas, and the vistas of miscellaneous towns encircling the Island of Capri containing Ravello, Positano, Sorrento, Nerano, Amalfi, and Naples are few of the main facial characteristics of the peninsula.

Capri is located in Campania, in the Metropolitan City of Naples. Capri is the island’s principal population center and commune. The island has two harbors: Marina Piccola and Marina Grande (the island’s principal port). Anacapri’s distinct commune is located high on the hills to the west.

About Etymology of Capri

Capri’s origin is unknown; it might be linked to the Ancient Greek o kápros, which means ‘wild boar,’ since the Greeks, the first documented colonists to occupy the island, called it Kapreai. It may be derived from the Latin caprice. Wild boar fossils have been unearthed, adding credibility to the kápros etymology; yet, the Romans referred to it as Capri goat island.

About Etymology of Capri
About Etymology of Capri

Finally, the name might be derived from an Etruscan term for “rocky,” however, any actual Etruscan authority over the island is debatable. Capri is made of limestone and sandstone rock, with cliffs forming much of the island’s sides and surface.

Government in Capri

The island’s voters elect representatives to the island’s two municipalities (comuni). The elected lawmakers then select two mayors to rule alongside them.

Government in Capri
Government in Capri

History of the Capri Island

Ancient and Roman times

Since ancient times, people have lived on the island. During the Roman era, evidence of human occupation was uncovered; according to Suetonius, as the foundations for Augustus’ home were dug, enormous bones and ‘weapons of stone’ were unearthed. These were displayed in the garden of the emperor’s main residence, the Sea Palace.

The gigantic bones of huge sea creatures and wild beasts, known as the “bones of the giants,” and the heroes’ weapons were discovered near Capreae.

According to modern excavations, human presence on the island may be traced back to the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. Augustus created Capri, constructing temples, palaces, aqueducts, and gardens to enjoy his little paradise.

According to Virgil’s Aeneid, the island was inhabited by the Greek people of Teleboi, who came from the Ionian Islands. According to Strabo, “In ancient times, Capri had two cities, eventually reduced to one.” According to Tacitus, Capri had twelve Imperial mansions. Tragara’s ruins could still be visible in the nineteenth century.

Tiberius, Augustus’ successor, erected a series of villas on Capri, the most notable of which is the Villa Jovis, one of Italy’s best-preserved Roman villas. Tiberius permanently relocated to Capri in 27 AD, where he ruled the Empire until he died in 37 AD. Emperor Commodus exiled his sister Lucilla to Capri in 182 AD. She was executed not long after.

History of the Capri Island
History of the Capri Island

Middle and Modern Ages

After the drop of the Western Roman Realm, Capri was reduced to the status of a dominion of Naples, and it was subjected to various pirate attacks and ravages. Amalfi received the island from Emperor Louis II in 866. When Capri, Scala, Minori, and Lettere established dioceses to serve as suffragans of Amalfi, which consequently became a metropolitan see, Pope John XV consecrated the first bishop of Capri in 987. Capri remained a residential diocese until 1818, when it was included in the Archdiocese of Sorrento. Capri, Caprese in Latin, is no longer a residential bishopric but is now classified as a titular see by the Catholic Church.

Frederick IV of Naples settled allowable and managerial balance betwixt Capri and Anacapri in 1496. During Charles V’s reign, the great Turkish admirals Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha and Turgut Reis individually seized the archipelago for the Ottoman Empire in 1535 and 1553.

In the 17th century, French antiquities trader Jean-Jacques Bouchard was the first known traveler to visit the island. His diary, discovered in 1850, is a valuable source of information on Capri.



In January 1806, Napoleon’s forces conquered Capri. The British defeated the French in May of the following year, and Capri was transformed into a major naval station, although the construction work severely damaged the ancient sites. Capri was retaken by the French in 1808 and remained so until the conclusion of the Napoleonic era when it was restored to the bourbon governing dynasty of Naples.

Natural scientist Ignazio Cerio cataloged Capri’s flora and fauna during the nineteenth century. His son, novelist and engineer Edwin Cerio, continued his father’s work by writing many volumes about life in Capri in the twentieth century.

Before World War I, the island was extremely popular among wealthy gay men. Somerset Maugham and John Ellingham Brooks shared a villa there. The German industrialist Friedrich Alfred Krupp was accused of homosexual orgies and finally committed himself.

Norman Douglas, Jacques d’Adelswärd-Fersen, Christian Wilhelm Allers, Emil von Behring, Curzio Malaparte, Axel Munthe, Louis Coatalen, and Maxim Gorky are all pronounced to have possessed or stopped at a mansion skilled.

Because Axel Munthe was her doctor, Swedish Queen Victoria frequently stayed there. Rose O’Neill, the American artist and Kewpie inventor, owned the Villa Narcissus, which had previously been owned by the famed Beaux-Arts painter Charles Caryl Coleman. Dame Gracie Fields also had a property and a restaurant on the island.

Cultural references of Capri

Capri became a favorite destination for European painters, authors, and other celebrities in the latter part of the nineteenth century. Entdeckung der blauen Grotte auf der Insel Capri by German artist and columnist August Kopisch, specifies the welcome 1826 persist the peninsula and welcome the finding of depression Grotto, inspired the 19th-of one hundred years magic accompanying Capri in France, Germany, and England.

Cultural references of Capri
Cultural references of Capri

Among the notable artists who visited the island in the late 1870s were John Singer Sargent and Frank Hyde. Sargent is well-known for his pictures of local model Rosina Ferrara. In the 1880s, the English artist and explorer John Wood Shortridge purchased a Fortino near Marina Piccola and married a Capri girl, Carmela Esposito.

He was strongly acquainted with the English author George Gissing, who wrote a colorful and informative description of his visits with Shortridge in his published letters.

Capri served as a reasonably secure refuge for overseas homosexual men and lesbians to live a more open life and a haven for authors and painters; a tiny core of them was drawn to reside there, overlapping to some extent with the creative types listed above. One of the earliest was poet August von Platen-Hallermünde.

The novel à clef was written by Jacques d’Adelswärd-Fersen. And the fire spread across the sea about Capri and its inhabitants in the early twentieth century, causing a minor scandal. Roger Peyrefitte’s fictionalized biography, L’Exilé de Capri, was inspired by Fersen’s time in Capri. Extraordinary Women, Mackenzie’s 1928 book based on the affairs of American painter Romaine Brooks, presents a satirical portrayal of the island’s lesbian community.

Visiting the beaches of Capri

Capri has several beautiful beaches and clear waters; no vacation to Capri is complete unless you visit at least some of them.

Visiting the beaches of Capri
Visiting the beaches of Capri

Capri’s beaches are pebbly rather than sandy; depending on which one you select; you have simple and gradually deteriorating access to the ocean or a rocky shoreline appropriate for experienced swimmers and divers.

Capri’s nicest beaches are:

Bagni di Tiberio – my personal favorite; this is a little beach with a restaurant and clear seas that can only be reached by boat (regular shuttle boats are available, and the trip takes just a few minutes).

Marina Piccola is a popular beach for families because of its pebbly beach that softly slopes into the ocean.

Marina Grande – the beach nearest to the port; this is a pleasant but extremely busy beach, ideal if you are short on time and require convenient access to the port and ferry.

Because of the shallow seas, this is popular with families; thus, the convenience compensates for the lack of flair.

Faro di Punta Carena is not a beach; you reach the ocean by short stairs from the rocky shore. One of Capri’s top sunset sites!

Economy of Capri

Capri is a popular tourist attraction for both Italians and visitors from other countries. Capri became a famous tourist destination in the 1950s. The island is popular with tourists throughout the summer, notably day trippers from Naples and Sorrento. Many of these visitors’ dress in the Capri pants named after the island. Capri’s heart is the Piazza Umberto I.

Economy of Capri
Economy of Capri

The Mediterranean shrub, Arboreal Euphorbia, and Ilex Wood may all be found on Capri. Conger eels, peregrine falcons, robins, Quails, geckos, red goldfish, woodcocks, blackbirds, cargos, groupers, mullets, and the Faraglioni blue lizard are among the island’s native species.

Capri has twelve of something churches, seven museums, and various remembrances. The most bothering attractiveness in Capri is the Grotta Azzurra, a cavern found in the 19th century by alien sightseers. On one side of the cave is the debris of old Roman rock, accompanying a narrow hollow in land formation. As of 2018, skilled were planning to limit the approach to era sightseers. The worldwide indulgence fabric attire brand 100% Capri unlocked Allure’s first shop, usually the township of Capri, in 2000.

Transport in Capri

Capri is approachable by ferry or boat used for racing from Naples, Sorrento, Positano, and Amalfi, in addition to barge aids from the Bay of Naples and the Sorrentine Peninsula. The boats come early in the morning and depart after lunch. Mergellina and Molo Beverello are the two ports that serve Naples. Mergellina has fewer departures and a smaller selection of boats than Molo Beverello.

Transport in Capri
Transport in Capri

The boat from Naples takes 80 minutes, while the hydrofoil takes 40 minutes. The boat takes around 40 minutes from Sorrento, whereas the hydrofoil takes about 20 minutes.

Boats dock at Marina Grande, where the Capri funicular connects to the town of Capri. A mechanism for transport of skiers from Anacapri transports passengers to Monte Solaro, the top of a room on the enclave.


The nearest airports are:

  1. Airport of Napoli-Capodichino (NAP)
  2. Airport of Salerno-Pontecagnano (QSR)

Best time to visit Capri Island

Capri is best visited between May and September.

Best time to visit Capri Island
Best time to visit Capri Island

Late May, early June, and early September are the greatest times to visit the island since there are fewer people, whereas July and August have beautiful weather but a significant number of visitors.

The best way to explore Capri is to stay at least one night: the island is more bearable and delightful after the day trippers have left.

Eat established Capri feed

Capri has extraordinary bread, and few are conventional of the reef.

Among the concentration not to miss are:

  • TortCapresese (almoncrushedsh into fine grains and sugary food),
  • Limoncello (this is a concentration for all Amalfi coast extent),
  • Caprese coleslaw (new tomatoes and mozzarella),
  • RaviolCapresesi (suffused noodles accompanying marjoram and lie),
  • Pesce all’acqua pizza (net broiled accompanying new mince tomatoes, water, and wine from light-colored grapes)

    Where to wait in Capri Island
    Where to wait in Capri Island

Where to wait in Capri Island


In Capri, skilled is no deficiency of quarters. Capri inns and Anacapri lodgings and B&Bs you concede possibility like are:

  • Hotel Mamela Capri, delicate 4-star lodging in Capri accompanying a beautiful sweeping pool and plateau. Close to Capri shops and the metropolis center, the inn has cute rooms few acceptable for classifications accompanying kids.
  • Hotel Tragara is a tasteful 5-star lodging in individual of the ultimate beautiful sites in Capri, accompanying big bows and plateaus making ultimate of the views. Restaurants, pools, and a resort on site create this a great lodging for a distinguished stay.
  • Capri Wine Hotel is a beautiful 3-star lodging near Capri City’s principal street accompanying a pretty pergola accompanying creepers and lemons gap to marvelous islet views.
  • Il Giardino dell’Arte, pretty Anacapri lodging accompanying a Mediterranean feel and great plateaus accompanying views over Capri and the Bay of Naples. Quiet and quiet background, neat rooms perfect for couples and kids alike.
  • Hotel La Reginella, Capri, 10 record walk from la Piazzetta, inexpensive, likable inn accompanying classification rooms for until 5 community and baby situated help applicable at an extra charge.
  • Albergo Gatto Bianco, near Marina Piccola, a beautiful, clean, and lessening in accompanying kin rooms, baby situated duty.

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