The Rialto Bridge is the oldest of the four bridges that span the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy. Connecting San Marco with the sestieri (district) of San Polo, the bridge was first built as a pontoon bridge in 1173 and it has been renovated several times since then and is now a major tourist attraction in the city. Its wide single-arch span covered with an arcade The arch soon became one of the city’s most important monuments.
History of the Rialto Bridge
The first dry crossing of the Grand Canal was a pontoon bridge built by Niccolò Barattieri in 1181. The bridge was called Moneta Bridge, probably because the Mint was located near the eastern entrance. With the development and importance of the Rialto market on the east bank, traffic on the floating bridge increased, so in 1255 it was replaced by a wooden bridge.
The structure had two ramps that met at a movable center section and could be raised to allow the passage of large vessels. The assembly with the market eventually led to the name change of the bridge. In the first half of the 15th century, he built two rows of shops on either side of the bridge. The rent brought income to the treasury and contributed to the maintenance of the bridge.
Maintenance of the wooden bridge was important. In 1310 Bajamonte was partially burned down in his Tiepolo-led uprising. The Marquis of Ferrara’s wedding crowd in 1444 and 1524 caused the structure to fall apart.
Rebuilding of the Rialto Bridge
In 1503 a plan to rebuild the bridge in stone was first advanced. Over the decades that followed, several projects were considered. In 1551, among other things, authorities demanded a proposal to renew the Rialto Bridge. Plans were proposed by famous architects such as Jacopo Sansovino, Palladio, and Vignola, but all involved classical multi-arch approaches and were considered inappropriate for the situation.
Michelangelo was also considered the designer of the bridge. The current stone bridge is a single-span bridge designed by Antonio da Ponte, construction began in 1588 and was completed in 1591. It looks like the wooden bridge over there. Two ramps lead to the central portico. Both sides of the portico have covered ramps and are lined with shops.
The construction of the bridge was considered so daring that the architect Vincenzo Smozzi predicted its future ruin. The bridge defied critics and became one of Venice’s architectural icons and top tourist attractions.
Interesting Facts About Rialto Bridge
- The bridge is built as an integrated bridge, It gives the impression that it is on the verge of collapse. This means it has no support in the middle and is fixed at both ends. Today the bridge is considered one of the greatest wonders of Renaissance architecture.
- Perhaps Venice’s second most popular bridge is the Bridge of SighsThe Doge’s Palace interrogation room is connected to the prison by this bridge. Nephew of Ponte, the architect of the Rialto Bridge, Antonio Contino created the Bridge of Sighs.
- There have been many collapses in the history of this bridge, which may have contributed to its beauty and ultimate success. When the rebels left in 1310, it was completely destroyed by fire, overthrown by mobs in 1444, and last fell in 1524.
- During the construction of the bridge, engineers faced many unforeseen circumstances, including the depth of the canal. This made the task even more difficult and took him three years to complete.
- The bridge has been featured in many paintings and inspired many artists due to its marble arches. The most famous painting of the Rialto Bridge is Vittore Carpaccio’s Miracle of the Cross on the Rialto Bridge.
- Many shops are decorated on the bridge, adding to the solid feeling. In the area of the bridge is the Rialto Market, where precious metals, spices, and silk are traded.
- Due to frequent collapses in the past, the final building was made of marble. However, the final design still resembles the original wooden design. One of the most popular tourist destinations in all of Venice is the Rialto Bridge. It draws countless numbers of visitors from around the world and is crammed with fascinating history.
Hotels near Rialto bridge Venice
- Al Ponte Antico
- Casa Marco Polo
- La Finestra sulle Beccarie
- Scalon del Doge
- SAN MARCO3 Apartment
- Hotel Mezzo Pozzo
- Palazzo Pianca
- Hotel Dei DragomanniWird in neuem Fenster geöffnet
- Ruzzini Palace HotelWird in neuem Fenster geöffnet
- Suite Doge MarcelloWird in neuem Fenster geöffnet
- Hotel Serenissima